Thursday, April 21, 2016

Hack any TV remote control

Do you have an old TV remote? What if I told you can create your code to make communication with this remote controller.

You can do it!

Infrared remote control is cool, the idea of this blog post is turn it in presentation tool. It is easy with this remote to keep your finger on the advance button and simply advance slides — or turn the screen back, at your favorite PDF viewer. 

Think like MacGyver,  to handle a difficult situation through improvisation using only available materials to do an intelligent activity...

Its Ok, lets go to the hack...

First step you need get some things:

  • Computer with Unix Like OS(at my tests i using Fedora Linux) 
  • Any TV remote control (i use a samsung model “AA59-00469A”
  • Arduino nano 12,00 USD 
  • IR recv (model “1838B”) - 2,00 USD 
  • Jumpers 1,00 USD 
  • Breadboard 2,50 USD

Total of costs is 17.50 USD, looks good  is not expensive, try following this image to assembly your hardware:

  • Green wire is GND 
  • Orange wire is 5v 
  • Yellow wire is pin 6(this is input  to make communication with arduino) 
  • USB connected at arduino(usually at mini series uses FTDI input)

Second step mapping your TV remote control:

At this step we are get some libraries, look this following:

  • $ git clone 
  • $ mv Arduino-IRremote ArduinoRemote; sudo cp -rf ArduinoRemote/ /usr/share/arduino/libraries 

At your arduino IDE tool, you can view examples of use it at tab "File", load example that show the input of serial, look this following:

The function Serial.println() shows the output of serial input. for example: when you hold the button one of TV remote control, this action shows the hexadecimal value "E13DDA28".

Done the mapping process of buttons, the next step is use syscall open() to open the file "/dev/ttyUSB0" and use  the syscall read() to get INPUTs of arduino device, remember to put diferent condition at each button input of device.

To automate keyboard hold keys, at Unix like system, you need use some libraries like libXtst and libX11, to emulate keys to turn screens of presentation, to install this libraries look the following:
$ yum install libXtst-devel libX11-devel
at deb based distros uses apt-get install pkg_name-dev

To get final code, rewrite this lines 152 and 159 with address of your button mapping,  compile it and run:

$ git clone 
$ gcc IR_remote.c -o IR_remote -lX11 -lXtst -Wall
$ ./IR_remote /dev/ttyUSB0
Look this following:

Saturday, April 16, 2016

Solving the fizzbuzz problem in Assembly code

Hello ladies and gentlemen, also the loyal readers of my blog. In this post, we will not be working with optimization techniques. Instead, I will share a small challenge that I worked on. Working on a small challenge can be a good way of relieving stress at the end of the day.

For those who don't know, the problem is about replacing a number that is multiple of 3 or 5 by Fizz or Buzz,respectively. Numbers that are multiple of both 3 and 5 should be replaced by "FizzBuzz".

More information about the problem can be found  here.

This problem can be easily solved using a high-level programming language, but if you use Assembly language instead, it's harder.

That's basically what I am going to share with you. I solved fizzbuzz using x86-64 Assembly with Intel syntax.

Let's take a look at the code:

;; Author: CoolerVoid
;; for multiples of three print "Fizz" instead of the number, and for the multiples of five print "Buzz".
;; For numbers which are multiples of both three and five print "FizzBuzz".
;; $ nasm -g -f elf64 fizz_buzz_game.asm -o buzz.o
;; $ ld -m elf_x86_64 buzz.o -o gamebuzz; ./gamebuzz
section .data
 tick db 'tick'
 fizz db 'fizz'
 buzz db 'buzz'
 newline db 0xA
section .bss
 three resb 1      
 five resb 1      
 zero resb 1      

section .text
global _start

 xor si, si
 mov si,      0xFF
 mov [three], byte 0x3
 mov [five],  byte 0x5

 push si   
 mov [zero], byte 1
 sub [three], byte 1
 mov bl, [three]
 cmp [three], byte 0
 jne Zero_Fizz
 mov [three], byte 3
 xor rax, rax   
 cmp bl, 0x0
 jnz Not_Fizz
 mov [zero], byte 0
 mov rax, 4              ; syscall write()
 mov rbx, 1
 mov rcx, fizz
 mov rdx, 4
 int 0x80
 sub [five], byte 1
 mov bl, [five]

 cmp [five], byte 0
 jne Zero_Buzz
 mov [five], byte 5
 xor rax, rax  
 cmp bl, 0x0
 jnz Not_Buzz
 mov [zero], byte 0
 mov rax, 4           ; syscall write()
 mov rbx, 1
 mov rcx, buzz
 mov rdx, 4
 int 0x80
 xor rax, rax
 mov al, [zero]
 cmp al, 0x0
 jz Not_Tick
 mov rax, 4         ; syscall write()
 mov rbx, 1
 mov rcx, tick
 mov rdx, 4
 int 0x80
 push 0x0
 xor rax, rax
 mov rax, 4         ; syscall write()
 mov rbx, 1
 mov rcx, newline
 mov rdx, 1
 int 0x80
 pop rax
 pop si
 dec si
 jnz Loop
 mov rax, 1        ; syscall exit()
 mov rbx, 0
 int 0x80

If you have familiarity with Assembly, you will notice that the solution is simple. For those unfamiliar, Assembly is not hard, but it does require that the programmer pays attention to slight details.

If you have doubt you can decrease value 0xFF at line 24, and try run again...its all right in do this...

My fifty cents ! CHEERS !